©The Archaeological Settlements of Turkey - TAY Project

Öküzini Magarasi

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Öküzini Magarasi
250 m
60 m


Location: The cave-site lies 32 km northwest of the city of Antalya; north of the village of Yagca; 1.5 km north-northeast of Karain Cave. The site is very close to the old Antalya-Burdur highway passes. The survey code of the site is 19 V / 2.
Structural Properties and formation : It is 305 m high from sea level; and 4-5 m high from the travertine flatness in front. Behind the first big cavity (compartment); which is 23.5 m long; there is another thin and long cavity. It faces eastward-northeastward; and it is about 25 m wide. During the geological surveys; it has been found out that the cave was formed by the stream and grown with subsequent natural depressions. As a result of these depressions; the mouth of the cave was reduced; i.e. the cave became smaller in height; which can be understood from the big rock blocks seen on the front terrace. Due to collapse of the roof; a chimney was formed. It is close the beach of a dried lake. It had been inhabited during the Palaeolithic Age as there were springs in the vicinity. In recent years; it has been damaged very quickly as it is easily accessible and the mouth is very close to the travertine flatness. Together with initiation of the excavation studies by I. Yalcinkaya; the mouth was closed by iron barriers and potential destruction has been eliminated for now. The incised and lightly embossed ox (?) relief (probably bull); was formed as feet drawn on the lower part and head drawn on the upper part of a natural projection on the wall. The cave was named after this relief. It has been proposed that this simple relief; which was inspired from the rough shape of the rock; was once dyed. This illustration is no longer available.
Research History: It was first found in 1956 by K. Kökten; who opened a small test pit near the entrance. I. Yalcinkaya started excavations since 1990.
Findings: Bats inhabit the cave. The average temperature is 19.5 degrees. It was announced as First Degree Archaeological-Natural Conservation Site in 1990.

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