©The Archaeological Settlements of Turkey - TAY Project


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Horizontal Cave
22 m
+16 m
1100 m
Black Sea


Location: It is located on the Catalagzi-Cumayani-Körpeoglu road; the Kilimli District of Zonguldak.
Structural Properties and formation : It is within the Upper Cretaceous limestones. It is a spring cave; which was formed horizontally within the active; semi-active zone. It comprises the drainage opening of the Kizilelma-Cumayani underground water system. It has several openings. From the opening with water outflow; a 100 m watery gallery is reached or from the fossil dry opening above; it leads to a hall after a 75 m walking. The hall functions as a bridge over the underground creek; and it starts with a travertine. Around 60 m high and 70 m long; the bottom is covered with a thick sand layer; and it ends up with a siphon.
Research History: The first speleological survey of the Cumayani Cave was carried out by T. Aygen in 1975. A second survey was conducted in 1976 by C. Bauer; H. Lomas and A. Cati and D. Cetin. During its third exploration by Turkish and French cavers in July of 1977; the entrance and exit zones were mapped. Later on; in 1978; it was re-explored during the British Trent Polytechnic speleological excursion; and mapped to the BCRA 3b standard. Afterwards; during exploration by MTA; the length was defined to be 1100 m and mapped accordingly. It takes place in the registered archaeological sites list prepared by Ministry of Culture and Tourism.
Findings: All forms of life usually inhabit the fossil level. At the entrance zone of this level; cave spiders and flies as well as dark colored molluscs are seen. The studies conducted in June in 2011 yielded 96 individual belonging to 7 different bat species. These bat remains are located near the entrance of fossil level.

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