©The Archaeological Settlements of Turkey - TAY Project

Ceneviz 1

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Ceneviz 1
Horizontal Cave
150 m
-26 m
570 m


Location: It lies on the base of a big uvala at Saklisu Mevkii; which is located 5 km northwest of Bahceköy; 13 km northeast to the Saray District of Tekirdag. It is reached from Bahceköy on the Saray-Kiyiköy road. The road running from Bahceköy to Saklisu leads near to the cave. The Saklisu Cave is located next to the Ceneviz Cave.
Structural Properties and formation : The vicinity of the Ceneviz Cave was formed within the Paleozoic milonoitic gneisses belonging to the Istranca Massif; overlaid by the Triassic schists; and the Eocene aged Kirklareli limestones on the top. The deepest point of the Ceneviz Cave; which consists of two storey formed at different periods; is -26 m and the highest point is +6m. The connection between the two levels is provided by large depression halls. The upper level which was formed during the Pliocene epoch has been entirely fossilized. The cave hydrogeologically consists of three parts: the upper fossil level whose formation was completely halted; the semi-active part which gets involved when the sinkhole in the cave becomes occluded during rainy seasons; and the active level in the lower part. There is an intense dripstone decoration; particularly in the gallery and halls of the fossil level. The formation of these figures; consisting of helictites; stalagmites and wall dripstones and columns in patches; is very fast.
Research History: It was explored and mapped by MTA.
Findings: There are many archaeological findings in the Ceneviz 1 Cave. In particular, many pottery pieces can be found in the dome shaped upper gallery. There are also many holes that were dug by treasure hunters and artefacts can easily be spotted at even deeper levels. This shows that the cave was inhabited by humans for a long period. Among the most remarkable forms of life are bats; cave butterflies and flies. The bats have big colonies; usually in the fossil level near the entrance while the cave butterflies and flies inhabit the sections near the lower entrance and behind the closed entrance occluded by blocks. Rhinolophus ferrumequinum and Rhinolophus hipposideros are the only bat species that were documented during the winter survey. Also identified were 12 invertebrates belonging to various families. However, given such factors as the size of the cave, the underground stream, and different floors, this cave should be surveyed in more detail.

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