©The Archaeological Settlements of Turkey - TAY Project

M1 - M2 Mezarlari

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M1 - M2 Mezarlarę
Eastern Anatolia
Investigation Method:
Early Iron Age


The grave chamber no. M1 is on a steep rocky slope called Kaledibi to the southwest of the Hakkari Fortress. 1.5 km to the north of this grave chamber and a few hundred meters north of Hakkari is another grave chamber (M2). The grave M1 consists of stonemasonry and walls carved into the bedrock. It has a rectangular plan oriented in northwest-southeast. It is 3 m long, 1.2 m wide on the south and 0.7 m on the north. The grave chamber has an irregular plan, with a portion of the east wall and the entire west wall built with stones. There is a cell composed of flat flagstone plates of 1x1 m on the shorter north wall. Presence of a dromos is uncertain. Remains of skeletons indicate 50 burials in the grave. Thirteen stelae dating to the mid-2nd Millennium BC and the recent centuries were found in the grave chamber. The stelae and the grave chamber are not related. The grave chmaber M2, which is 1.5 km north of the grave chamber M1 measures 4.1x1.6 m in dimensions, the walls being built in corbelling technique with flat flagstones, and topped with lidstones. It contains 15 burials in two levels. The painted sherds recovered from the grave M1 may have belonged to the 2nd Millennium BC. Presence of painted ware of Van-Urmiye, Habur ware and Early Iron Age ware within the same grave leads to some chronological problems. The pottery of the grave M1 does not corresreservoir with the Early Iron Age sherds while there is a very restricted number of Early Iron Age sherds in the grave chamber M2. There are decorated examples. Similar type of ceramics are common in the Van Lake Basin area. Iron bracelets with circular sections and an iron dagger blade were found in the region. Recovery of the iron bracelets in the upper level suggests later use.
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