©The Archaeological Settlements of Turkey - TAY Project


Amyzon

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Amyzon
Type:
City
Altitude:
m
Region:
Aegean
Province:
Aydin
District:
Koçarli
Village:
Gaffarlar
Investigation Method:
Survey
Period:
Hellenistic Roman Classical

     


Location: It is located at Mazin Kale; 1.6 km above the village of Gaffarlar to the northwest of the Karpuzlu District of the Aydin Province. The city lies to the north of the ancient city of Alinda [Bean 2000:209-210].
Geography and Environment:
History: According to Strabo; it is a peripolion to Alabanda [Strabo 14; 2; 22]. In the 3rd century B.C.; Amyzon; signed a treaty with Ptolemy and then with Seleucus; which was followed by a peace with Heracleia under Latmos. The city had some privileges based on a message by Antiochus III in 203 B.C. It is known that the city was represented by a delegate in Klaros. It became a religious center during the 2nd century A.D. [Bean 1976:53; Ozkaya-San 2002:246].
Research and Excavation: Explorations by Paton and Fowler in the early 20th century; and by Robert in 1950s and by Lauter in 1970s were followed by a survey carried out by Ozkaya and San together in 2000. It takes place in the registered archaeological sites list prepared by Ministry of Culture and Tourism.
Stratigraphy:
Small Finds:
Remains: City Wall: The city wall; partly preserved up to 6 m; were erected of cut stone blocks by the isodomic masonry. It is approximately 137 m long and 1.68 m wide. Probably it dates back to 300 B.C. [Bean 2000:210]. Temple/Sanctuary: The Temple of Artemis was built on terraces. In a Dorian order; it measures 6x15m and lies in the east-west direction. It consists of a naos and a pronaos which have a distance of around 1.4 m in between. The entrance to pronaos and naos is paved with square-rectangular blocks. The architectural elements of the upper part of the temple indicate that it was built in the Greek style. It was probably encircled with a temonos wall. To the east; a structure; most probably an altar; was found. An inscription was found on an architrave block; stating that it was built by Idrieus. Thus; the temple dates back to the Hecatomnus Period. According to the inscription on the votives; the temple was built in dedication to Artemis and Apollo [Ozkaya-San 2002:246-247; Bean 1976:53]. Miscellaneous: There are large and vaulted underground rooms; considered as store houses; other than a few undefined building in the city. These buildings lie parallel to each other in the east-west direction. It has been suggested some might have been used as cisterns. The coins uncovered from the site are from the Hellenistic and Roman Periods [Bean 1976:53; Ozkaya-San 2002:246].
Interpretation and Dating:


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