©The Archaeological Settlements of Turkey - TAY Project

Ankara - Ulus

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Ankara - Ulus
Artifact Scatter
Central Anatolia
Investigation Method:
Early Phrygian Middle Phrygian Late Phrygian


Some Phrygian sherds were unearthed during the sounding activities conducted before a construction in the area of the former shopping center of Ulus in the neighbourhood of Ulus in Ankara. The excavations yielded plenty of black and grey colored sherds and almost two dozens of painted sherds in an area of ca. 20 cm of the burnt level immediately above the virgin soil, 2 m below the Roman road and 5.50 m below the modern road. Some of the black and grey ware are very well burnished. Among them, a sherd with a stamped seal rim [Metin 1997:pic. 18] and sherds with lozenge-shaped and zigzag motifs are interesting. In addition to them, sherds with incised decorations (rectangular, parallel lines and zigzag motifs) are available. Sherds of trefoil jugs among the black and grey colored ware are classified as cooking pots. Nearly two dozens of painted ware sherds were classified in three groups based on their decorations. The first group consists of sherds with black colored decorations on red and brown colored paste. One of them is very similar to the Alisar IV ware. The second group includes very qualified vessels decorated with geometric patterns painted by brown, mainly by black dye on a light brown and beige paste, which were probably imported from the Western Anatolia. The third group of colored sherds are decorated with concentric geometric patterns and chessboard, zigzag and meander motifs with black and brown colored dyes on a white slip covering a certain part of the vessel of buff-colored paste [Metin 1997: pic. 19-20]. These sherds are comparable with the Early Phrygian ware at Gordion, Iron Age ware at Masathoyuk, Iron Age ware at Kültepe and Alisar IV ware. Although limited in number, painted sherds are noteworthy as they show indications of the first inhabitation in Ankara during the Early Phrygian Period and demonstrate its relation with other centers. They bear similar characteristics with the restricted number of painted sherds among the Phrygian ware unearthed in the previous excavations at the Augustus Temple and Çankirikapi.
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